Free tours and a lecture at the Cosmonautics and Aviation Centre to be held at VDNH this week

18 april 2022

From April 19 to 24, the Cosmonautics and Aviation Centre at VDNH will host the tours Life in Orbit, Unrealized Projects of Astronautics and Satellites. Earth from Space, as well as the lecture Cradle of the Space Wanderer: Inventing Space Medicine. Participation in all activities is free, requiring pre-registration.

On April 19 at 1 p.m., 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. the tour Life in Orbit, dedicated to the 51st anniversary of the launch of the Soviet station Salyut, will be held. Visitors learn about the life of astronauts: how orbital expeditions take place, whether going into space is dangerous, and whether there are space diseases.

Salyut, the world's first orbital station, was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on April 19, 1971, on a Proton-K launch vehicle. It stayed in orbit for 175 days, during which time the station was visited by two expeditions (the manned spaceships Soyuz-10 and Soyuz-11). However, the Soyuz-10 was unable to dock with the station, while the crew of the next spacecraft succeeded. Other details on the tours. Pre-registration is required.

On April 22 at 1 p.m., 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. Cosmonautics and Aviation Centre invites everyone to take the tour Unrealized Projects of Astronautics, timed with the 51st anniversary of the launch of the third spacecraft Bor-2. Visitors will learn about the designs of spacecraft and rockets which were planned in the USSR, but for various reasons could not be completed.

The Bor (unmanned orbital rocketplane) launch project was a subprogram of the Soviet Spiral aerospace system. The first Bor, made entirely of wood, was launched on July 15, 1969, and burned up on re-entry. Subsequent apparatuses were made of metal with a thermal protection coating. The first launch of the Bor-2 rocketplane took place on December 6, 1969, and was unsuccessful. The second flight on January 31, 1970 was successful. The third apparatus Bor-2 was launched on April 22, 1971. Guests will learn more on the tours. Participation requires registration.

On April 23 at 1:00 p.m., 3:00 p.m. and 5 p.m. the tour Sputniks. Earth from Space will be held, timed to coincide with the 57th anniversary of the launch of the Molniya spacecraft. Visitors will learn how satellite technology is used in the modern world, see models of modern and historical spacecraft, and find out why the word 'sputnik' is known around the world.

Molniya-1 was the first Soviet communications satellite. The first attempt to deliver such a vehicle into orbit was on June 4, 1964, and was unsuccessful (it crashed); the next launch was partially successful (the vehicle was launched into orbit, but its antennas were not fully deployed, so the satellite could not be used as intended). A successful launch of Molniya was carried out on April 23, 1965. You can find out more information by joining the tours. Registration on the site.

On April 24 at 4 p.m., the Cosmonautics and Aviation Centre will host a free lecture, The Cradle of the Space Wanderer: Inventing Space Medicine. The lecturer is Roman Chernogorov, a researcher and physician specialising in aviation and space medicine at the Laboratory of Telemedicine and Medical Informatics of the Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Students will learn about the specifics of medical support for cosmonauts in flight. The lecturer will discuss what telemedicine is, whether classical approaches should give way to artificial intelligence and robotics, and discuss how space medicine can support interplanetary expeditions. It is necessary to register.

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